Asbury Francis Lever
This article contains material from the Mainside Wikipedia.
Frank Lever was born near Springhill, Lexington County, South Carolina on January 5, 1875. He was the son of a farmer, Asbury Francis Washington Lever, and Mary Elvira Derrick. He attended the county schools and graduated from Newberry College with honors in 1895. He taught school for two years.
He moved to Washington, D.C. as the private secretary to Representative J. William Stokes from 1897 to 1901. He graduated from the Law Department of Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., in 1899 and was admitted to the bar in South Carolina the same year but did not practice.
He married Lucile Scurry Butler in 1911. They had two children.
He was a delegate to the Democratic State conventions in 1896 and 1900. He was elected a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1901. He was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of J. William Stokes was reelected to the Fifty-eighth and to the eight succeeding Congresses and served from November 5, 1901, until August 1, 1919.
Lever was the chairman of the House Committee on Education from 1911 to 1913 (Sixty-second Congress) and Committee on Agriculture (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses). His major legislative achievements were in the area of state and federal efforts in agricultural and rural life. Major bills were the Smith-Lever Act of 1914 that established the Cooperative Extension Service, the Cotton Futures Act of 1914, the Cotton Warehouse Act of 1916, Federal Farm Loan Act of 1916 that created the Farm Credit Administration, and the Food and Fuel Control Act of 1917 that created a Food Administration and a Fuel Administration for World War I.
He resigned from Congress to become a member of the Federal Farm Loan Board, in which capacity he served until 1922. He briefly ran for the Democratic nomination for Governor of South Carolina in 1930, but sickness ended his campaign.
He was a Chair of the Board of Trustees of Newberry College and Life Trustee of Clemson Agricultural College from 1913 to 1940. He was elected president of the First Carolinas Joint Stock Land Bank at Columbia, South Carolina, in 1922 and was a field representative of Federal Farm Board. He was a director of the public relations administration of the Farm Credit Administration until his death.
The Cooperative Extension Service is a legacy to Lever. This helped transform rural America. The Liberty Ship SS A. Frank Lever was named after Lever. Lever Hall, a high-rise dormitory is named after Frank Lever.
The Clemson University Library has the papers of Frank Lever.
- Edgar, Walter, "South Carolina Encyclopedia", University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina, ISBN 978-1-57003-598-
- LEVER, Asbury Francis, (1875 - 1940), Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, U.S. Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=L000259.
- House Committee on Education and Labor, "Committee on Education (1883-1947): Committee History", United States Congress. http://edlabor.house.gov/about/history/.
- Gerhardt, Frank A., "SS A. Frank Lever", http://www.us-maritime-commission.de/query.php?datalist=1&typeofquery=Name%20of%20Ship&valueofquery=A.Frank%20Lever&code=B1072a
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